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Aircraft that took part in the Spanish Civil War

Make and model
Picture
Nationalist
code No.
Republican
code letters
Notes

Aero A-101

Oca, Praga, Papagayo

17 LA

LL


Airspeed AS-6

Envoy

41
LA

Airspeed AS-8

Viceroy

The single Viceroy (a re-engined Envoy) ended up in Spain.

Arado Ar 66 C
36

Arado Ar 68 E
9

Arado Ar 95 A
64
One of the small batch of Ar 95's sent to Spain to equip the Condor Legion shortly before the end of the war was test-flown as the "trousered" Ar 95 A version.

Arado Ar 95 W
64

Avia BH-33 A single Avia BH-33, painted white, flew to Spain in the early days of the Civil War, losing it's machine guns and synchronization mechanism en route, but it's history in the conflict is not known.

Avia 51
TA
Three sent to Spain, but only one arrived, the other two being lost when their transport ship was sunk by Nationalist warships. The colour scheme shown is speculative, although part of the fuselage of the crashed 'plane is shown in a photograph.

Avro 594

Avian


Avro 626

Prefect


Avro 643

Cadet


Beechcraft 17

Staggerwing


Bellanca 28-70
LB

Blériot-Spad 51 Two Spad 51s were in Spain at the outbreak of the war, and at least one served with the republicans, probably as a trainer.

Blériot-Spad 56

Blériot-Spad 91

Blériot-Spad 111

Bloch MB-200
BB
A single MB-200 was probably sent to Spain, 'though no corroborative documentary evidence seems to exist.

Bloch MB-210
BB

Boeing 281
CB
Export version of the P-26, A single example was demonstrated in Spain before the civil war, and was requisitioned by the government on the outbreak of war. It was shot down in 1937, after which compensation was paid to the Boeing company.

Breda Ba 25

Breda Ba 28
34

Breda Ba 33

Breda Ba 39

Breda Ba 64
8
A forerunner of the Ba 64, at least one served with the Aviazione Legionaria, apparently coded 8*1.

Breda Ba 65
16

Breguet 460 M4

Vultur


Breguet-Wilbaut 470 T

Fulgur

TV

Breguet Br. XIX A2
10
RB
The mainstay of the pre-war Spanish light bomber and reconaissance force. The serving aircraft at the outbreak of hostilities were more-or-less evenly divided between the two sides.

Breguet Br. 26T

Bristol Bulldog II
~

British Aircraft L25

Swallow


British Aircraft

Eagle II


Bücker Bü 131

Jungmann

33

Bücker Bü 133

Jungmeister

35
EX

Cant Z-501
62

Cant Z-506
73

Caproni AP-1
32
Also known as Ca 301

Caproni Ca-100

Caproni Ca-135S Of the 7 or so sent to Spain, only 2 arrived safely, and spent most of the war, unused, on the Balearic islands

Caproni Ca-310

Capronchino

18

CASA III

Caudron C-59 / 490

Caudron C-272 / 273

Luciole

EL

Caudron C-282

Phalène

30

Caudron C-440 to 448

Goëland

31
TC

Caudron C-600 / 601

Aiglon

30
EA Some of the Aiglons seen in photographs from the Spanish Civil War have trousered undercarriages, and so initially look like Miles Falcons.

Cierva C-19
30

Cierva C-30 A

Comper CLA 7

Swift


Consolidated 20-A

Fleetster

47

Couzinet 101

de Havilland D.H. 9 34 RH

de Havilland D.H. 60

Moth

30
EM

de Havilland D.H. 80

Puss moth


de Havilland D.H. 82

Tiger moth

30
EP

de Havilland D.H. 83

Fox moth

30

de Havilland D.H. 84

Dragon

LD

de Havilland D.H. 85

Leopard moth

30

de Havilland D.H. 87

Hornet moth

30
TH

de Havilland D.H. 89A

Dragon Rapide

40 LR

de Havilland D.H. 90

Dragonfly

LY

Dewoitine D 27 CD

Dewoitine D 53 CD Different authors disagree as to whether the aircraft shown in the profile was a D 27 or D 53.

Dewoitine D 370 series CD

Dewoitine D 510TH CW Two modified aircraft without the engine-mounted cannon typical of the D510 were supplied to the Republicans, and after recall of their engines to France were flown with Russian M-100A engines from a written-off Tupolev SB-2.

Dornier Do 15 Wal 70 HD

Dornier Do 17E

Bacalao

27

Dornier Do 17F

Bacalao

27

Dornier Do 17P

Bacalao

27

Douglas DC-1 TD The one and only DC-1 (distinguishable by the row of 6 side windows to the DC-2's 7) served in Spain during its eventful history.

Douglas DC-2 42 TD

Fairchild K.R.22C-7E
30

Fairchild 91 63 XA

Farman F-190 / 291 series 30
SF

TF


Farman F-354

Farman F-480

Alizé


Fiat AS 1 30 The profile shows a fiat AS 1 in Austrian home defence markings.

Fiat BR 20 23

Fiat CR 20 Several CR 20s were used by the Aviazione Legionaria, primarily as trainers, and probably mostly the 2-seat version.

Fiat CR 30
37
Two two-seat trainer versions of this larger forerunner of the CR32 were sent to Spain

Fiat CR 32

Chirri

3 CX

FF

After the civil war some examples were produced by Hispano as the Ha-132.

Fiat G 8 Two examples of this trainer were used by the nationalists from 1938. The profile is from WWII.

Fiat G 50 1

Fieseler Fi 156 A / B

Storch

46 At least five Storchs were sent to Spain as part of the Condor Legion. It seems that the first 2 were Fi 156 A's or B's.

Fieseler Fi 156 C

Storch

46
Photographs suggest that 46•3 to 46•5 were early model Fi 156 Cs.

Fleet 10

Focke-Wulf FW 56 EW

CN

3 aircraft made their way to Republican Spain. The code CN was applied to machines which were replacements for Nieuport 52s. The 3 aircraft were re-engined with radial engines later in the war.

Fokker C.X LF Like the D.XXI, the C.X was set to be produced under license by the Republicans. A pattern example was flown in Spain, and a second was flown with a Soviet M-100 engine.

Fokker D.XXI CF Due for production by the republicans, production had not got under way by the end of the war due to lack of engines. However a pattern example was flown in Spain, and a second is reported to have flown with a Soviet M25 engine. The colourscheme shown is based on that of the pattern aicraft from Insignia magazine.

Fokker F.VIIa

Fokker F.VII/3m 20

45


Fokker F.IX The profile to the left shows a F.IX in Czechoslovakian service

Fokker F.XII 20

45


Fokker F.XVIII BF

Fokker F.XX

Ford 4 AT Trimotor

Freüller Valls MA

General Aircraft ST-12

Monospar

31

General Aircraft ST-25

Monospar

SM

TM


General Aviation
Clark GA-43A

González Gil-Pazó GP-1
30
EG

González Gil-Pazó GP-4
30
30•20

Gotha Go 145 38

Gourdou-Leseurre GL-32 LG

CG

Several GL 32s sent to Spain in response to an order from the Basque regional government had a modified undercarriage to allow carriage of a bomb between the undercarriage legs.

Gourdou-Leseurre GL-633 The GL 633 was a development of the GL32, again with split-axel undercarriage, with airframe stressed for dive-bombing, and with a new wing with rounded wingtips.

Grumman GE-23 Delfin 5W AD

Guinea-Severt 2DDM

Hanriot H-182 EZ

Hanriot H-437/239

Hawker Spanish Fury 4

4W

~

Hawker Spanish Osprey

Heinkel He 45

Pavo

15

Heinkel He 46 C

Pava

11

Heinkel He 50 G ~ A single example was sent to Spain for evaluation, but probably didn't see any action. It was photographed in company with the two prototype Hs 123s, and had a "3" on the lower part of the fuselage, but that it was "Angelito 3" and 503 is speculation on my part.

Heinkel He 51 B 2

Heinkel He 51 C 2

Heinkel He 59 B

Zapatones

71

Heinkel He 60 E 60

Heinkel He 70 E

Rayo

14

Heinkel He 70 F

Rayo

14

Heinkel He 111 B
Pedro
25 FH

Heinkel He 111 C
~
Used on supply routes from Germany to the Condor Legion.

Heinkel He 111 E
Pedro
25 FH

Heinkel He 112 V6 5 The V6 prototype was armed only with an engine-mounted 20mm canon, and was nicknamed Kanonenvogel by Heinkel. It proved a very effective ground-attack aircraft in Spain before it was written-off in a forced landing.

Heinkel He 112 V9 (B-0) 8 The V9 was the prototype for the B-series aircraft, having been almost completely redesigned. It was tested in Spain over a prolonged period by the Condor legion.

Heinkel He 112 B-1, B-2 5 Several (probably 17) B-series He 112s (both B-1 and B-2 models) were delivered direct to the Spanish Nationalist air force.

Heinkel He 115 A-0
~
Two planes were sent to the Balearics to join the Condor Legion weeks before the end of the war. They were unarmed, carried no serial numbers and probably saw no service.

Henschel Hs 123 V1

Angelito

~ The V1 prototype was sent to spain early in the war for trials with the Condor Legion, initially with a non-standard code "502".

Henschel Hs 123 V3

Angelito

24 The V3 prototype was sent to spain early in the war for trials with the Condor Legion, initially with a non-standard code "502". It subsequently received the code 24•1, but was soon returned to Germany.

Henschel Hs 123 A

Angelito

24

Henschel Hs 126 A

Super-Pava

19

Hispano-Suiza E-30 EE

Hispano-Suiza E-34 EF

Junkers F 13

Junkers K 30

Junkers W 34 hi
43

Junkers Ju 52/3m 22

Junkers Ju 52/3m W 72 Photographs show an example with the non-standard code example sent to Spain, coded 72•1. The picture to the left is of a Norwegian airways aircraft.

Junkers Ju 60
~
Used on supply routes from Germany to the Condor Legion

Junkers Ju 86 D

Fumo

26

Junkers Ju 87 V4

Stupido, Stuka

29 The V4 was apparently sent to Spain for testing, and assigned the code 29•1, although no photographs have come to light. Some authors claim that it was coded 24•1, together with the Hs 123 A's, but there is a clear photograph of the Hs 123 V3 bearing this code.

Junkers Ju 87 A-0

Stupido, Stuka

29

Junkers Ju 87 A-1

Stupido, Stuka

29

Junkers Ju 87 B-1

Stupido, Stuka

29

Klemm Kl 32 a XIV 30

Koolhoven FK 51 EK

LK


Latécoère 28 TL

Letov S 231 3W CL

Letov S 331 Re-engined version of the S 231, only a single prototype was produced, which ended up in Spain.

Lioré et Olivier 213

Lockheed 5B

Vega


Lockheed 8

Sirius


Lockheed 9D

Orion

TK

Lockheed 10

Electra

42

Loire 46
~

Macchi M-18 HM

Macchi M-41 50

Martinsyde M-4

Buzzard

MS The non-standard republican code resulted from the operation of this type by the republican navy rather than air-force.

Meridionali Ro-37bis 12

Meridionali Ro-41 7

Messerschmitt M 23b

Messerschmitt Me 35 30

Messerschmitt Bf 108 B

Taifun

44

Messerschmitt Bf 109
Prototypes
V3,V4,V5,V6
6 FM

Messerschmitt Bf 109 A 6 FM

Messerschmitt Bf 109 B 6 FM

Messerschmitt Bf 109 C 6 FM Identification of the machine at left as a Bf 109 C is highly suspect, but for the moment I'm leaving it here as a placeholder.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 D 6 FM

Messerschmitt Bf 109 E 6 FM

Miles M.2

Hawk

30
EN

Miles M.23

Hawk Speed 6


Miles M.3

Falcon 6

30 EN

Monocoupe 90 A 30 EQ

Morane-Saulnier MS-140 EU

Morane-Saulnier MS-181 EU

Morane-Saulnier MS-230 EU

Morane-Saulnier MS-341

Moreau 10(I)

Nieuport-Delage NiD 52 1 CN The mainstay of the pre-war Spanish fighter force. The serving aircraft at the outbreak of hostilities were more-or-less evenly divided between the two sides.

Northrop 1D Delta TN

Northrop 2D Gamma

Northrop 5B Gamma LM

TG


Percival Gull Six

Polikarpov I-15

Chato, "Curtiss"

8

2W

CA

Polikarpov I-15bis

Super-chato

CC Arriving in Spain towards the very end of the conflict, it is doubtful whether the I-15bis aircraft saw any active service.

Polikarpov I-16 Type 5

Mosca, Rata, "Boeing"

1W CM

Polikarpov I-16 Type 6

Mosca, Rata, "Boeing"

1W CM

Polikarpov I-16 Type 10

Super-mosca

1W CM

CH

Code CH was applied to machines license-built by Hispano (which also differed in the windscreen and gunsight)

Polikarpov UTI-4 EY

Polikarpov R-5

Rasante

17W LN

RR


Polikarpov R-Z

Natacha

16W LN

Potez 25
LP

Potez 36

Potez 43

Potez 54 series BP

Potez 58

Potez 560

PWS-10 4

Renard-Stampe-
Vertongen 32/85
The profile is of a 32/90 serving with the Belgian air force.

Romano R-82 ER

Romano R-83 Fighter built specifically to an order from the Republicans, and constructed secretly in Belgium. Six were built and shipped to Spain, where they were probably used as advanced trainers.

Romano R-92 A single prototype was built to an order from the Republicans, and was probably delivered to Spain.

RWD 9 Two civil examples may have ended up in Spain, although the evidence is not strong. The colour scheme to the left (taken from Miranda & Mercado,1989) is therefore speculative.

RWD 13

Polaca

30

SAB-SEMA 12
EC Erroneously referred to as the SAAB-10 by Ries & Ring.

Savoia-Marchetti S.55 The profile to the left shows an S.55 in Italian service.

Savoia-Marchetti S.M.62 61 HS

Savoia-Marchetti S.M.75 Used on supply routes between Italy and the Aviazione Legionaria

Savoia-Marchetti S.M.79 28

Savoia-Marchetti S.M.81 21 FS

Seversky SEV3 A single example was built which had a long and varied history. Originally designed as an amphibian, it was sent to republican Spain, but its floats apparently never arrived.

Sikorsky S-38B

Spartan Cruiser II

Spartan 7W

Executive

30 TP

Stinson SR-10

Reliant

TS

Tupolev SB 2M-100A

Katiuska, "Martin"

20W BK

Vickers Spanish Vildebeest BR

HV


Vultee V-1/V-1A 18

43

BV

Page last modified:Friday, March 14, 2008
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